sources of health information system

Health information technology, or HIT, refers to a system designed to store, share, and analyze the data collected in any healthcare facility. Hispanics and Health Care in the United States, Hispanics, Health Insurance and Health Care Access, The 2004 National Survey Of Latinos: Politics and Civic Participation, Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins, Black eligible voters have accounted for nearly half of Georgia electorate’s growth since 2000, The Religious Composition of the 117th Congress, Slim majorities have become more common in the U.S. Senate and House, Are you in the American middle class? Younger Latinos are more likely to get information from family and friends than are older Latinos—those ages 18 to 29 are 25 percentage points more likely to get information from family and friends than are Hispanics ages 65 and older. Similarly, U.S.-born Hispanics are more likely to score high on diabetes knowledge (62 percent) than those who are foreign born or Puerto Rican (56 percent). The same is true for radio: 60 percent of those who get a lot of health information from radio score high, compared with 55 percent who get no health information from radio. 3. Radio, newspapers and magazines, and the Internet are also important sources of health care information. 0-��@84������H��"X$�A�q%�&S"�*Ƈ�-��bw�\;f0�c�d8s1��\e� The second most important source of health information is television; 23 percent of Hispanics received a lot of information from TV and 45 percent received a little. Find science-based health information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, research, clinical trials and more from NIH, the nation’s medical research agency. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. Immigrant Hispanics and those who have lower levels of education rely more on Spanish-language media, including television and print media, for information. Common data elements include type of service, number of units (e.g., days of service), diagnosis and procedure codes for clinical services, location of service, and amount billed an… Most frequently, the information obtained from the Internet was solely in English (58 percent). Health informatics tools include computers, clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems, among others. Medical information on the web is plentiful, but make sure your sources are reliable. Here, demographic differences among Latinos are not great. ��L��Y��؀��f|/t��3��H�|�KX�20��Ҍ�$p�~̇ҁ47�k\4��u{D-�k� �U� ��A����r��vE�)͍��U�.�� � l@ Thirty-five percent of English-dominant respondents get health information from the radio, compared with 42 percent of Spanish-dominant respondents. Although most Latinos do reasonably well (58 percent answered at least six questions correctly), a sizeable minority faltered on the test with nearly a third (32 percent) giving three to five correct answers and 10 percent scoring even lower. District Health Information System 2, or DHIS2, is a a web-based management information system. In general, U.S.-born Hispanics and those who have higher levels of education are more likely to get information in English from sources such as television, newspapers, magazines and the Internet. Six in 10 Hispanics who have a usual provider say this. When these responses are analyzed another way—comparing people who get at least some health information from any source with those obtaining no health information from any source—getting information is associated with better knowledge scores. A higher share of Latinos (14 percent) with no usual source of care scores low, as compared with Hispanics who do have a usual source of care (9 percent). Data content PHIS contains tables on cancer; demography; fertility; hospital discharges; mortality and psychiatric admissions. The main sources of health statistics are surveys, administrative and medical records, claims data, vital records , surveillance, disease registries, and peer-reviewed literature. Of course, being native born and assimilated are associated with lower likelihoods of obtaining broadcast media health information in Spanish. Latinos who get a lot of health information from doctors are more likely to score high (65 percent) on diabetes knowledge than those who get little (59 percent) or no information (49 percent) from doctors. Although half of Latinos without a high school diploma score high, that compares with 70 percent of those with at least some college education. Respondents of Puerto Rican (80 percent) and Cuban (78 percent) origin are especially likely to have received help from a medical professional in the past year. While only 16 percent of Hispanics with less than a high school diploma and 36 percent of those with a high school diploma get information on health issues from the Internet, 63 percent of Hispanics who have at least some college education say that they get a lot or a little information from the Internet. endstream endobj 1168 0 obj <>/Metadata 89 0 R/Pages 1160 0 R/StructTreeRoot 150 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 1169 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 57/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 1170 0 obj <>stream Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. Among the less knowledgeable Hispanics are men, Spanish speakers and Latinos who are foreign born. Higher education levels, being native born and assimilation are all associated with higher likelihoods of retrieving health information from these print media. 1184 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<86B198B71AF03E4B989B4BFD8216EE3E><63301F182E507040A2012132B920EBF9>]/Index[1167 49]/Info 1166 0 R/Length 88/Prev 375408/Root 1168 0 R/Size 1216/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream There are many examples of primary sources in many walks of life, but generally a primary source is defined as being where a piece of information appears for the first time. It is a tool for collection, validation, analysis, and presentation of aggregate statistical data, tailored to integrated healthLearn more Foreign-born Hispanics account for more than seven in 10 of the low-scoring group. USA - National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) - provides, free of charge, aggregate census data and GIS-compatible boundary files for the United States between 1790 and 2012. The pattern is similar for newspapers and magazines. Forty-one percent of Latinos with less than a high school diploma report getting information from newspapers or magazines, compared with 63 percent of people with at least some college education. Results show that doctors and other medical professionals are the most common source of health and medical information for Hispanics, as they are likely to be for most groups. About one in three Latinos (31 percent) say that they rely on the information they get from their churches and local community groups. While 56 percent of English-dominant and bilingual Latinos obtained at least some health information from these sources, the share drops to 42 percent among Spanish-dominant Latinos. Legal status is also correlated with the likelihood of obtaining health advice from a medical professional. This section will explore how health and medical information is collected, and where it comes from. As is the case with usual health care providers, those who are more educated and more assimilated are more likely to report exposure to the medical system. Health information provided by the media led 57 percent of Hispanics to ask a doctor or medical professional new questions. Respondents who visit a doctor regularly score better on diabetes knowledge questions than respondents who primarily visit clinics for their care; 65 percent score high, as compared with 57 percent of respondents who frequent clinics. Overall, the age differences in receiving any information from medical professionals are not huge, but respondents ages 65 and older are more likely to have gotten a lot of health information from a professional (41 percent) than respondents under age 30 (28 percent). Among Hispanics who receive any health-related information from television, 40 percent get that information from only Spanish-language television stations, 32 percent from a mix of Spanish and English-language stations and 28 percent from only English-language stations. The main health facility-related data sources are public health surveillance, health services data (also Among Hispanics, 40 percent get health care information from the radio, 51 percent get some information from newspapers and magazines, and 35 percent get information from the Internet. Different sub-groups of Hispanics rely on different types of media. Churches and community groups also play a role in providing health and health care information to Hispanics. Both those who have a usual provider (42 percent) and those who do not (38 percent) are nearly as likely to say that what they learned from the media affected how they think about treatment. The media’s impact is strongest in producing reported changes in how Hispanics think about diet and exercise. 3.3 Sources of information on country health information systems Information about the functioning of the health information system can be obtained from the different sectors and agencies that are responsible for the generation, synthesis, analysis and use of data at the country, regional Around one-third of Hispanics with a high school education or less get information from churches and community groups, compared with 26 percent of people without at least some college education. Eighty-six percent of diabetic Hispanics with at least some college education score high on the knowledge battery, compared with 71 percent of people lacking a high school diploma, and diabetics with regular care providers are more likely to score high (75 percent) than those without a usual place for care (66 percent). It also collects, organizes, and … About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. In contrast, among Hispanics who do have access to a usual place for their medical care, the relationship reverses: 78 percent say they get health information from the medical community, compared with 70 percent who say they get information from television. h�b```� ,|)� �������b`����ʔ�h��6A�C� ;�m�X��C] However, diabetics are no more likely than all Hispanics (76 percent) to know that effective treatments are available to reduce the chances of blindness, death or other serious complications. Twenty-seven percent of Spanish-dominant respondents reported obtaining a lot of information from television, compared with 18 percent of English-dominant respondents. Thirty percent of online health information seekers living with chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to something they wanted to see online. Specific information regarding the importance of preventative care and regular health monitoring as well as the symptoms and treatment of chronic diseases can be delivered through alternate sources. USA - Health Data All Stars - Health Data Consortium - a directory of 50 prominent domestic resources for health data at the federal, state and local levels. Among those who get a lot of information from churches or community groups, a larger share scores low (58 percent) than high (52 percent).*. With diabetics, as in the general population, the most educated and established Hispanics score the highest on a test of knowledge about diabetes. There are few notable differences among demographic groups here. Respondents were queried as to how much information about health and health care they got from several different sources in the past year. These findings emerge from a battery of eight questions testing basic knowledge about the causes, symptoms and treatment of diabetes. Seventy-one percent of Latinos received health information from a medical professional in the past year, but 83 percent got health or health care information from the media. health information system: combination of vital and health statistical data from multiple sources, used to derive information about the health needs, health resources, use of health services, and outcomes of use by the people in a defined region or jurisdiction. This pattern is similar for Hispanics with and without health insurance. Examining differences by national origin, at least 14 percent of persons of Cuban, South American and Central American origin score low on diabetes knowledge, which is a larger share than for other groups. Conversely, while 59 percent of the uninsured say they get information from doctors, 68 percent obtain health information from television. hޜX�n۸~��Ο.�/����$E�4g�m�A�ڴ�SYr%9M���Rq7N���5� ����")�PB�$Ÿd"*N�H�6��T�D�Ha�R�*dB�H�-b�cD�b&�2&a**Ўx���eܞh�TB�ɔ���Q While preventive care and regular health monitoring are essential in maintaining good long-term health and limiting the severity of chronic diseases, more than one in four Hispanics say they received no information regarding health or health care from doctors or health care professionals in the past year. Among Hispanics, 40 percent get health care information from the radio, 51 percent get some information from newspapers and magazines, and 35 percent get information from the Internet. Country has Health Information System policy (year) Policies that govern national HIS are one indicator of its strength. Almost two-thirds of all Hispanics who received health and health care information last year from broadcast or print media, or from the Internet, say that what they learned changed the way they think about diet or exercise. Hispanics with health insurance are somewhat more likely to score high than those without insurance (61 percent versus 55 percent), but they are no less likely to get a low diabetes knowledge score than respondents with no insurance. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and bio-medicine. 2. While most Hispanics look to the medical community for answers to their health care questions, the media, and particularly television, also play a large role in providing health information. Generally, diabetics have the same pattern of answers as the general population, but at higher levels of knowledge. This includes personnel, financing, logistics support, information and communications technology (ICT), and mechanisms for coordinating both within and between the six components. Eighty percent of those who encountered a pay wall say they tried to find the information somewhere else; 17% gave up; and 2% paid the fee. Women are more likely than men to get their health information in Spanish (44 percent versus 36 percent for television viewers, and 53 percent versus 43 percent for radio listeners). Younger Latinos and women are more receptive to these types of changes than are older Hispanics or men. %PDF-1.6 %���� Health information systems consist of six key components, including: 1. 1167 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj startxref This is a list of GIS data sources (including some geoportals) that provide information sets that can be used in geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases for purposes of geospatial analysis and cartographic mapping. (For an overview of the historical development, see (2)). The educational differences in the likelihood of getting health care information from the Internet are stark. Men also are more likely to get a low score, 13 percent compared with 7 percent of women. While 78 percent of Hispanics who have medical insurance get some information from doctors and other health care professionals, 69 percent say they get information from television. This role is especially important for Hispanics who do not typically utilize the health care system. Information that has no identifiable publisher or author should not be relied on, unless it is backed up by information from other sources that meet the criteria for credibility. health care financing system is not so much a system as it is a crazy quilt of programs that, when pieced together, cover to some degree , the majority- … Though the survey results do not address the validity or quality of the health information obtained through sources other than medical personnel, results do suggest that the information from these alternative sources has an impact on respondents’ behaviors. 67 used both focus groups and a questionnaire to gather data. Among those who watch television and those who listen to the radio, there is a strong association between educational levels and language use. (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main Objectives • To provide reliable, latest and useful health information to all levels of health … Obtaining health information from some other sources is also associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge. There are, however, differences between Hispanics with and without a usual source of care: 61 percent of those with a usual source score high, compared with 50 percent of those who have no usual provider. National health information systems (HISs), which integrate data and information from different sources and information systems, cater to the information needs of policy-makers and other audiences. Latinos whose primary language is Spanish are more likely to ask new questions to health care professionals as a result of media coverage than are English speakers, pointing again to the important role played by the Spanish-language media. Let’s review health information system trends, decade by decade. Similarly, obtaining health information from medical personnel is associated with higher levels of knowledge but certainly does not guarantee them. The instrument of questionnaire was used to elicit information from the two teaching hospitals in Ogbomoso metropolis namely: Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso and … Medium: Respondents answered three to five questions correctly. {�. However, medical professionals are not the only ones providing health and medical information. Roughly 9 percent of Hispanics say they receive a lot of information from churches and community groups, and 22 percent say they receive a little information from these sources. And while immigrants (69 percent) are more likely to say that health information from the television, radio, newspapers or the Internet led them to change how they think about diet and exercise, a majority of native-born Hispanics (56 percent) also report making changes in how they think about nutrition and physical activity because of what they learned from the media. Nor are they more likely to know that maintaining a healthy weight is a better way to prevent diabetes than avoiding sugar intake (71 percent of diabetics are aware of this, as compared with 72 percent of non-diabetics). The majority of Hispanics scoring low on the diabetes knowledge index have health insurance or a usual health care provider. About six in 10 of the low-scoring group (58 percent) say they get health information from medical professionals. However, the gap in persons scoring high on diabetes knowledge is smaller when comparing respondents who report getting a lot of health information from television (59 percent) with those who report getting no health information from television (52 percent). Twenty-six percent of the foreign born report obtaining a lot of health information from this source in the past year, as did 19 percent of the native born. Sources of information about the country health information system Information about the functioning of the health information system can be obtained from the different sectors and agencies that have responsibilities for the generation, synthesis, analysis and use … Youth, education, nativity and assimilation are all strongly linked to Internet usage for Latinos in general,15 and to the likelihood of using the Internet for health information in particular. Learn what a health information system is, benefits, best practices, and more in Data Protection 101, our series on the fundamentals of information security. In both cases, people with less than a high school diploma were more likely to get their information in Spanish (56 percent for television, 64 percent for radio) compared to those with at least some college education (17 percent for television, 20 percent for radio). Most Hispanics who score low on the knowledge test about diabetes have health insurance (59 percent), and a usual place to go for medical care (63 percent). Immigrants are less likely to get information from family and friends (59 percent) than are native-born Hispanics (71 percent), plausibly because they have smaller networks of family and friends in the United States. More than half of respondents who get information from television or radio report getting that information in Spanish, or in a mix of Spanish and English. It could be private as well as public clinics, hospitals, and doctor’s private chambers. Radio’s role as an information source is roughly similar for Hispanics with a health care provider (39 percent) and those without one (42 percent). About two-thirds of women (65 percent) correctly answer six or more questions, compared with half (51 percent) of men. If the purpose of the information is primarily to sell a product, there may be a conflict of interest since the manufacturer may not want to present findings that would discourage you from purchasing the product. Among those with a usual provider, the type of place where care is obtained also factors into diabetes knowledge. The data is gathered from claims, encounter, enrollment, and providers systems. Although Spanish speakers account for nearly half of low scorers (47 percent), one in five are English-dominant and one in three are bilingual. These key sources of health information system data were analysed using two methods: first, a self-assessment by country stakeholders in the min- istries of health, national statistics offices, health pro- Somewhat more than half (53 percent) of all Hispanics who lack a regular health care provider say they receive at least some information from doctors, but 64 percent of them say they get information from television. Those who get a lot of information from family and friends or the Internet also are more likely to score higher (62 percent and 71 percent, respectively) than those who do not (51 percent and 54 percent). Younger Hispanics use the Internet more than older Hispanics—42 percent of those ages 18 to 29 say they get information from the Internet, compared with 14 percent of those ages 65 and older. %%EOF English dominance, too, is strongly associated with using the Internet for health information; 53 percent of the English-dominant do so, compared with 17 percent of the Spanish-dominant. Health Information Systems (HIS) is potentially very important for the development of the health sector in Ethiopia. HIS policies outline a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve better HIS outcomes. Citizens born in the United States or Puerto Rico are most likely to have received medical advice (80 percent) from a professional, followed by naturalized citizens (70 percent), and legal permanent residents (64 percent). Secondary information A secondary source of information is one that provides information from a source other than the original. ����� Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. 3. mapping. Similarly for radio listeners, 44 percent of those ages 18 to 29 and 54 percent of those ages 65 or older received their health information in Spanish. ABSTRACT The study examined health information needs and information sources of pregnant women in Ogbomoso metropolis, Oyo state, Nigeria. More than half of all Hispanics say they received a lot of information (14 percent) or a little information (37 percent) from print sources. Data sources: including population-based approaches (censuses, surveys and civil registration) and institution-based data (individual records, service records, and resource records). It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. When it comes to health and medical information, there are plenty of reliable sources available online through government-endorsed health websites (such as Better Health Channel), peak industry bodies (such as the Australian Medical Association) and peak condition-specific organisations (such as beyondblue and Cancer Council Victoria). Similarly, among the Hispanics who use radio to obtain any of their health care information, 47 percent rely on Spanish-language radio stations, 26 percent listen to Spanish and English-language stations and 27 percent rely on only English stations. I’ll list the main influence driving healthcare, the driver for IT, and the resulting health information technology (HIT) innovation: 1960s: The main healthcare drivers in Find out with our income calculator. Print and broadcast media, churches, community groups, family and friends, and the Internet are all sources of health and medical information for many Hispanics. There are differences across several demographic measures that point to greater knowledge by more assimilated, established Hispanics. This section will look at the survey data on diabetes knowledge from another perspective: The makeup of the low-scoring group. Four in 10 of those who get no health information score high on diabetes knowledge, compared with six in 10 of those who get at least some information from any source. Although less educated and less assimilated Hispanics generally score lower on a test of diabetes knowledge, the least knowledgeable group also includes a notable share of higher-status Latinos. 1215 0 obj <>stream For example, they are more likely to know that blurry vision is a symptom (82 percent) than increased fatigue (69 percent). The purpose of this guide is to help health authorities and health information officers align health information system (HIS) data sources with standards and best practices, to ensure that reliable data produce comparable statistics . Seventy-nine percent of respondents who received health or health care information from the media acted upon that information. citizens and long-term immigrants. Nearly a third of Hispanics say they received a lot of health and health care information from doctors or other medical professionals over the past year, and 39 percent say they received a little information. Family and friends are next in rank: they supplied a lot of information to 20 percent of Hispanics and a little information to an additional 43 percent. Diabetics are more likely to know the basic facts about their condition than the general population does, but not all diabetics are well-informed: 73 percent score high on the knowledge test, 24 percent get a medium score and 3 percent get a low score. As a result, a The use of television for health information is somewhat more prevalent among the foreign born and the less assimilated. The best-informed Hispanics about diabetes are those with at least some college education, or with high levels of assimilation—U.S. Nativity and assimilation are associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge. Public health responses—such as outbreak investigations, prevention strategies for diseases such as cancer, and health system improvements to quality and performance—require timely, accurate health information. Seven in 10 Latinos (71 percent) say correctly that even people without a family history of diabetes have a risk of developing it. 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